Probably written by a poet in Solomon's court, the book enters into the spirit of the courtship and wedding of Solomon and his beloved. He ascribes many of the feelings to the lovers themselves so that we feel as though we are directly sharing the feeling of the lovers.
The two lovers assume each other as their listener. In effect, we overhear the lovers as they address each other. The poet himself does not address the reader. All we can say is that he assumes that love is a universal experience and an emotion of interest to everyone.
What are the main themes?
God wants his creatures to enjoy and celebrate life in this world
Romantic love and human sexuality are good when people pursue them as God intended
Even though the relationship between husband and wife is private in many of its dimensions, marriage occurs in a communal context.
The physical world, including nature and human appetites, is good in principle
Description and Main Themes courtesy of Ryken's Bible Handbook (Tyndale, 2005)